Aptis General Reading Part 3

Aptis General Reading Part 3


Aptis General Reading Part 3

Hello pals!

En primer lugar, queridos, ¿como lleváis los readings Aptis general que os hemos dejado hasta ahora (si no los habéis hecho aún os dejamos los enlaces más abajo

)? Are they easy or difficult? We are just curious :), anyway hoy seguimos con el Reading Aptis part 3, el reading task 3 o gap filling. Si ya habéis practicado ésta parte, veréis que la parte 3 del reading Aptis General se parece un poco al task 1 del examen, pero es un poco más complicado. Esperemos que los nuestros os sea fáciles, y esperemos que os ayuden a aprobar el examen.

Reading Aptis General Part 1

Aptis General Reading Part 2

Primero, como ya sabréis para hacer bien este ejercicio de reading aptis es necesario conocer vocabulario en inglés, los conectores y sobre todo saber como van algunos verbos en inglés sí en infinitivo o gerundio etc. Es importante saber estas cosas para no caer en los errores más comunes Aptis

Aptis General Reading Part 3 ejercicios

A continuación, preparáos, porque aquí os dejamos 10 ejercicios de Reading Aptis General parte 3, las opciones al comienzo del reading y sus soluciones al final de cada texto. Recuerda que hay 3 opciones que sobran.

1º Reading Aptis part 3

Canada- It’s not the USA

Para elegir: survival; in spite of; identity; being; welfare; such; because of: shopping; tune in to; insistence; dozens; no matter, so

Primer Reading: Imagine yourself sitting in a café one day in your home town, when on the next table you hear some people speaking English with a strong North American accent. 1. ________ a friendly person, you lean over and say, «Hi! Are you American?» «No,» comes the immediate answer. «Canadian!»
Calling a English-speaking Canadian an American can be as bad as telling a Scotsman that he’s English or a Swiss person he’s German. 2. ___________ a common language, there are differences in culture and national feeling. «No,» many Canadians will tell you with 3. __________, «We’re not Americans! We’re Canadians»

In the same way as Quebecers are determined to keep their 4. __________, Canadians from the other provinces are determined to keep Canada’s identity. Although the Canadian way of life is more and more like the American way of life, lots of details are different, and many Canadians, particularly Quebecers, are worried about the 5. _________ of their own differences.

Canadians use metres and kilometres and measure temperatures in Celsius; Americans use feet and miles, and measure temperature in Fahrenheit. The USA has states, Canada has provinces.

Part 2

Yet about 80% of Canadians live within 150 km. of the U.S. border, and this has had a bad effect on the Canadian economy. Like most European countries, Canada has a national health service, and a good social security system; but good 6. __________ services have to be paid for by high taxes, so the cost of living in Canada is high. 7. ____________  this, hundreds of thousands of Canadians often get in their cars and drive over to the USA to go 8. _________. This is one cause of economic problems in Canada. Over half of Canada’s imports come from the United States, and Canada has a trade deficit with the USA.

But the American influence is not just a question of shopping. Lots of Canadians drive American cars, and cars are almost as important in Canada as they are in the USA. There is television too. While Quebecers tend to watch their own French-language TV stations, English-speaking Canadians have a choice between local English-speaking channels, national programmes from CBC, and 9. ________  of American channels brought to them by cable or satellite. Unless they specifically want to watch local stations, they’re just as likely to 10. ___________ one of the big American channels as they are to a Canadian channel.

Perhaps it is not surprising if some Canadians are afraid that their country will soon be just like another part of the USA. If, one day, Quebec becomes independent, many Canadians fear that the rest of Canada could break up.

Respuestas correctas: 1.being; 2. in spite of; 3. insistence; 4. identity; 5. survival; 6. welfare; 7. because of; 8. shopping; 9. dozens; 10. tune in to

2º Reading Aptis General parte 3

The story of the BBC

Para elegir: rigidly; since; broadcast; as far as; have said; so; flickering; remained; sets; stories; remain; have complained; stayed, 
Segundo Reading: The British Broadcasting Company was established in 1922. Four years later, it changed its name  to the British Broadcasting Corporation, better known as the BBC, and that is how it has 1. __________ ever since.
It was not the world’s first radio station. There had already been public radio broadcasts in Britain before 1920, and by 1922 radio stations were operating in Russia and in America. In the Soviet Union, radio was owned, operated and 2. ____________ controlled by the state. In the USA it was a great new adventure for free enterprise. With its new idea of public service broadcasting, the British government chose the middle road.
From the beginning the BBC was a public service radio, but also an independent operator. Except during the war years, it has never been controlled by the government. On the contrary, several British government ministers 3. ______________ , over the years, that the BBC was biassed against them!
In the early days of BBC radio, there was not a lot of news on the radio. There were music, drama, discussions and children’s programmes; but news was not 4. ___________  until after 7 p.m., to avoid competition with the newspapers!
In 1936 the BBC began the world’s first television service. Only a few thousand people in the London area could receive those first 5. ______________  images, which were broadcast using a screen of just 204 lines.

Part 2

Today we have 625 lines on ordinary television, and even more for HDTV. Nevertheless, people liked what they saw, and as the number of transmitters increased, more and more people went out to buy new television 6. ___________.
In 1937, tennis was broadcast from Wimbledon for the first time. Then in 1938, football’s Cup Final could be seen, live, by hundreds of thousands of people, for the first time ever.
Yet on September 1st, 1939, in the middle of a Mickey Mouse cartoon, BBC TV stopped broadcasting. The Second World War had begun. It was not until June 8th 1946, on the day of the great Victory Parade, that BBC television started again.
7. __________ then the BBC has become one of Britain’s most famous institutions. Today it has several national television channels, lots of radio channels and a growing number of international services. It also has a very popular Internet site, with news 8. __________ from Britain and around the world. 9. ___________ programme production is concerned, the BBC is  Europe’s biggest and most successful exporter of audio-visual material. In International competitions,  the BBC regularly wins  more prizes than other broadcasters.
In tomorrow’s world, communications and the media will become more and more important. With over 90 years of experience, the BBC is determined to 10. _________ one of the world’s major players.

Respuestas correctas: 1. remained; 2. rigidly; 3. have complained; 4. broadcast; 5. flickering; 6. sets; 7. since; 8. stories; 9. as far as; 10. remain

3º Reading Aptis General task 3

America’s Amish; model society?

Palabras para elegir: then; keep an eye; time-warp; such as; disbelief; efficiency; settled; beware; although, buggies; indeed; roadsign; house;

Tercer Reading: The roadsign is, to say the least, unexpected; driving through a prosperous rural part of North America, the last thing you expect to see beside the highway is a yellow diamond 1. ____________ with a horse and buggy in the middle! Watch out for horses and 2. __________ on the road? What is this? Do they exercise racehorses here, or what?
You 3. ___________  open for horses; for two miles you see nothing, then all of a sudden, look! Coming towards you on the other side of the road, two black horse-drawn buggies!

As they go by, your surprise turns to 4. __________ ; what’s going on? Are they making a movie about eighteenth century America? The men and the women in the buggy look like they jumped out of a novel by Fennimore Cooper. 5. _________ , another mile and things get even stranger; beside a neat-looking farm-house, there is a whole line of buggies. In the door of the house, half a dozen men in black coats, and with long beards, are talking while some women dressed in a curiously ancient fashion are sitting on a bench. Is this 2015 or 1715 ?

You drive on, wondering what has happened to this part of the United States of America? Have you driven into a 6. ________, and without realizing it, gone back 300 years, or is it the people you’ve just seen who’re stuck in a time warp?

Part 2

A quick enquiry at the nearest gas station gives you the answer; you are in Amish country, and the people you have just seen are Amish, part of a strange religious group that 7. __________ in America in the 18th century, and much of whose lifestyle has changed little since then.

If you had seen the movie «Witness», you would have already known something about the Amish, how their community is strictly religious and self-contained, how they do without the essentials of modern-day life 8. _________  electricity and cars, and how they do not mix with people outside of their own community. It is virtually unheard of for anyone to become an Amish, who was not born an Amish. This is about all that most Americans know about Amish people, unless, that is, they actually live near them and come across them in daily life.

In brief, the Amish are members of an ultra-protestant religious movement that first came to America from the upper Rhine valley over three hundred years ago. They are very law-abiding citizens, and their community is one in which crime is almost, though not entirely, inexistent; Amish families live strict lives, following the same code of morals as their ancestors. In a sense, they are 9. __________ stuck in a time warp.
Yet the most remarkable things to note about the Amish are not their quaint lifestyles, but the expansion of their community,  its 10. __________ , its social cohesion, and their recent adoption of «green» technology, including wind-power and solar energy. Although they work the land using traditional techniques, their agriculture is – interestingly – among the most productive in North America!

Respuestas correctas: 1. roadsign; 2. buggies; 3. keep an eye; 4. disbelief; 5. then; 6. time-warp; 7. settled; 8. such as; 9. indeed; 10. efficiency

4º Aptis General Reading parte 3

Travel – Iceland’s newly extinct glacier

Para elegir: dirt, mighty, pledging, dropped, harsh, though, thick, acnowledge, emissions, offsetting, gleaming, inscription, cold, fumes

At the very heart of Iceland is the country’s 1. ____________ , glinting namesake: ice. Glaciers make up roughly 10% of Iceland, and they bring close to 2 million tourists from all over the world to the country each year. But these 2. __________ masses of ice are more fragile than they may seem. In the wake of climate change, glaciologists predict that in 200 years all of Iceland’s glaciers will have disappeared. One already has.

In 2014, when its ice was no longer 3. _________ enough to move, Okjokull glacier was pronounced dead. A lake of melted ice and barren stretch of stone and dirt now dominates the landscape where the glacier once lived. The site was renamed Ok, and “jokull,” meaning “glacier” in Icelandic, was 4. __________.

Part 2

In August, local geologists and climate advocates installed a plaque at the site of the former glacier, which reads: “In the next 200 years, all our glaciers are expected to follow the same path. This monument is to 5. ____________ that we know what is happening and what needs to be done. Only you know if we did it.”

Written by Icelandic author Andri Snaer Magnason, the 6. ___________ is meant to serve as a warning that unless something changes, experiencing Iceland’s awe-inspiring glaciers will be a privilege of past generations.

Some locals, 7. __________, are hopeful that Icelandic companies offering “sustainable tours” by 8. ___________ their emissions with reforestation, capping the sizes of their groups and adhering to strict recycling rules will be able to help preserve the country’s glaciers. The Icelandic government is also making it a top priority to save these melting giants, 9. __________ to cut 40% of Iceland’s 10. ___________ by 2030.

Fuente: BBC 

Respuestas correctas: 1. gleaming; 2. mighty; 3. thick; 4. dirt; 5. dropped; 6. acknowledge; 7. though; 8. offetting; 9. pledging; 10. emissions

5º Reading Aptis General part 3

Child marriage in Nepal

Palabras para elegir: cooperation; dowry; consent; decrease, but, decrease; delayed; equality; burden; however; commitment; imprisonment, isolated

Nepal has made important progress over the past few years to promote 1. ____________, but the country still has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world. 41% of Nepalese girls are married before the age of 18.

Poverty is both a cause and consequence of child marriage in Nepal. Girls from the wealthiest families marry 2 years later than those from the poorest, who are seen as an economic 2. ___________, and who drop out of school and earn little money.

Food insecurity plays an important role too. Nepalese families that do not have enough food to eat are more likely to marry their daughters at a young age to 3. ___________ the financial burden. One study shows that 91% of people who had secure access to food married over the age of 19.

4. __________ is also common practice in many communities. Parents marry their daughters as soon as possible because the money they have to pay to the groom’s family is higher if their daughter is older.

Part 2

Since 2010, the legal age of marriage is 20 for both men and women, or 18 with parental 5. _________ , according to the Nepalese Country Code.

The law states that punishment for child marriage is 6. ____________ for up to three years and a fine of up to 10,000 rupees (£102). But reports suggest that this law is rarely applied.

There has been quite a lot of progress in Nepal over the past 3 years with a clear government 7. ______________ to ending child marriage and civil society 8. ___________ .

The Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare is currently developing Nepal’s first national strategy on child marriage in collaboration with UNICEF Nepal and Girls Not Brides Nepal.

9. ___________However, the post-earthquake and post-fuel crisis environment has meant progress is slow and the national strategy has been 10. ____________.

Respuestas correctas: 1. equality; 2. burden; 3. decrease; 4. dowry; 5. consent; 6. imprisonment; 7. commitment; 8. cooperation; 9. however; 10. delayed


reading aptis general part 3, Aptis General Reading Part 3

6º Aptis General Reading part 3

Is veganism as good for you as they say?

Para elegir: based on; program; fourfold; boom; training; benefits; soar; bottom; fit; midst; performance; trends; wellness; 

It’s the 1. ____________ industry’s cash cow, and athletes’ latest choice, but scientists caution there’s still much we don’t know about the diet

Katharina Wirnitzer was in the 2. _________ of training for the Bike Transalp race, one of the world’s toughest endurance events, when she began investigating whether a vegan diet was suitable for athletes.

The year was 2003 and veganism was a long way from the current 3. ________ , which has established it as one of the most in-vogue dietary 4. __________ . But Wirnitzer, a sports scientist at the University of Innsbruck, had become intrigued by the resurgence of ancient theories linking plant-based diets with improved athletic 5. ___________ .

Part 2

“The first athletes on strict plant-based diets were gladiators,” she says. “Roman scripts report that all fighters adhered to gladiatoriam saginam, which was 6. _________ plant foods, including large amounts of legumes, pulses and grains, and contained little or no animal protein.”

Now, almost two millennia later, Wirnitzer is one of a handful of researchers trying to get to the 7. _________ of whether veganism could enhance an athlete’s chances of sporting success. Over the past decade, she has led the NURMI study.

NURMI is particularly timely because veganism’s association with various health 8. _________ – from weight loss to decreased risk of inflammatory disease – has seen the diet 9. _________ in popularity in recent years, both amongst the general public and elite sportsmen. The most recent survey by the Vegan Society estimates that there are around 600,000 vegans in the UK – a 10. __________ increase over the past five years – while high-profile athletes from Lewis Hamilton to Jermain Defoe have begun experimenting with veganism.

Respuestas correctas: 1. wellness; 2. midst; 3. boom; 4. trends; 5. performance; 6. based on; 7. bottom; 8. benefits; 9. soar; 10. fourfold

Fuente: The Guardian

7º Reading Aptis General part 3

Ancient secrets of medicinal mint

Para elegir: gateway; since then; highlights; sustainable; spectrum; famous; so; array; well-known; carried out; despite; roots; valuable

The precious chemistry of a plant used for 2000 years in traditional Chinese medicine has been unlocked in a project that raises the prospect of rapid access to a wide 1. _________ of therapeutic drugs.

2. ____________ by CEPAMS — a partnership between the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the John Innes Centre — the project has successfully delivered a high-quality reference genome of the mint-family member Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. The plant, commonly known as Chinese Skullcap, is 3. _________ in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and is cultivated worldwide for its therapeutic properties.

Preparations of its dried 4. ________ , ‘Huang Qin’, show pharmacological activities conferred by novel compounds called flavonoids, including antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidant, anti-cancer, liver-protective and neuroprotective properties. 5. ________ the commercial interest and increasing demand for Scutellaria, improvements through breeding have been limited by a lack of genome information.

The team took DNA from a single plant at the Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden and used a combination of sequencing strategies to assemble 93% of the genome organised into 9 subsets of information or «pseudo chromosomes.»

Researchers are now able to identify the genes that produce a wealth of 6. ___________ compounds because of the development, and then turn them into drug candidates using metabolic engineering techniques in the lab.

Part 2

The sequencing project outlined in the journal Molecular Plant, also provides a reference 7. _______ for genetic exploration of other valuable members of the Lamiaceae or mint family.

«When I started getting the analysis back on the genome sequence it was like a revelation: it showed at a fundamental level how the pathway to valuable compounds evolved.» says Professor Cathie Martin.

«The sequence is so good that it can improve the understanding of all the other genome sequences in the mint family. This is a large family of plants that is hugely important in Traditional Chinese Medicine and flavourings.»

This study 8. _________ the current revival in TCM following the award of the Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine in 2015 to Professor You-you Tu for her discovery of artemisinin as a broad spectrum anti-malarial from Artemesia annua (wormwood).

9. __________ , pharmacology has started examining the healing properties of preparations from plants listed in the traditional texts, such as Shennong Bencaojing (The Divine Farmer’s Materia Medica) written between 200 and 250 AD. Such preparations have recently been reported as effective against a variety of complaints including as complementary cancer treatments.

«This particular plant makes the bioactive compounds in the root, which means you have to wait three years for the plant to get big enough and of course in taking the root you destroy the plant,» said Professor Martin.

«We’ve screened some members of the same family that make similar compounds in the leaves which means you could get more 10. __________ therapeutics taken in a different way,» she added.

Respuestas correctas: 1. array; 2. carried-out; 3. well-known; 4. roots; 5. despite; 6. valuable; 7. gateway; 8. highlights; 9. since then; 10. sustainable

8º Aptis General Reading Part 3

Researchers discover brain circuit linked to food impulsivity

Para elegir: researchers; focused on; develop; disorders; rather; develop; triggers; findings; without; handfuls; is; plates; many

You’re on a diet, but the aroma of popcorn in the movie theater lobby 1. __________ a seemingly irresistible craving. Within seconds, you’ve ordered a tub of the stuff and have eaten several 2. ___________.

Impulsivity, or responding without thinking about the consequences of an action, has been linked to excessive food intake, binge eating, weight gain and obesity, along with several psychiatric 3. __________ including drug addiction and excessive gambling.

A team of researchers that includes a faculty member at the University of Georgia has now identified a specific circuit in the brain that alters food impulsivity, creating the possibility scientists can someday develop therapeutics to address overeating. The team’s 4. __________ were published recently in the journal Nature Communications.

«There’s underlying physiology in your brain that is regulating your capacity to say no to (impulsive eating),» said Emily Noble, an assistant professor in the UGA College of Family and Consumer Sciences who served as lead author on the paper. «In experimental models, you can activate that circuitry and get a specific behavioral response.»

Using a rat model, researchers 5. ___________ a subset of brain cells that produce a type of transmitter in the hypothalamus called melanin concentrating hormone (MCH).

Part 2

While previous research has shown that elevating MCH levels in the brain can increase food intake, this study is the first to show that MCH also plays a role in impulsive behavior.

«We found that when we activate the cells in the brain that produce MCH, animals become more impulsive in their behavior around food,» Noble said. To test impulsivity, researchers trained rats to press a lever to receive a «delicious, high-fat, high-sugar» pellet, Noble said. 6. _________, the rat had to wait 20 seconds between lever presses. If the rat pressed the lever too soon, it had to wait an additional 20 seconds.

7. _____________ then used advanced techniques to activate a specific MCH neural pathway from the hypothalamus to the hippocampus.

Results indicated MCH doesn’t affect how much the animals liked the food or how hard they were willing to work for the food. 8. _________ , the circuit acted on the animals’ inhibitory control, or their ability to stop themselves from trying to get the food.»Activating this specific pathway of MCH neurons increased impulsive behavior 9. _________ affecting normal eating for caloric need or motivation to consume delicious food,» Noble said.

«Understanding that this circuit exists opens the door to the possibility that one day we might be able to 10. _____________ therapeutics for overeating that help people stick to a diet without reducing normal appetite or making delicious foods less delicious.»

Respuestas correctas: 1. triggers; 2. handfuls; 3. disorders; 4. findings; 5. focused on; 6. however; 7. researchers; 8. rather; 9. without; 10. develop

Fuente: Science Daily



9º Aptis General Reading Part 3

How humans learned to dance: From the chimpanzee conga line

Para elegir: critically; report; like; rhythmic; scientific; have rose; researchers; icon; dazzling; lacking; have sparked; hitherto; rhythmic

Psychologist observing two chimpanzees in a zoo have discovered that they performed a behaviour 1. ___________ never seen, they coordinated together in a rhythmic social ritual.

Two chimpanzees housed in a zoo in the US 2. ____________  the question about how human dance evolved after being observed performing a duo dance-like behaviour, similar to a human conga-line.

In the paper ‘Coupled whole-body rhythmic entrainment between two chimpanzees’ published today, the 12th of December in the journal Scientific Reports, 3. ___________ led by the University of Warwick found the levels of motoric co-ordination, synchrony and rhythm between the two female chimpanzees matched the levels shown by orchestra players performing the same musical piece.

Other species have been shown to be able to entertain by moving to the pace of a 4. _________ tempo by an external stimulus and solo individuals, however this is the first time it hasn’t been triggered by nonhuman partners or signals.

Part 2

5. __________ the newly described behaviour probably represents a new form a stereotypy in captivity in this great ape species, the behaviour forces scientists interested in the evolution of human dance to consider new conditions that may have catalysed the emergence of one of human’s most exuberant and richest forms of expression.

Dr Adriano Lameira, from the Department of Psychology at the University of Warwick comments:

«Dance is an 6. _________ of human expression. Despite astounding diversity around the world’s cultures and 7. __________ abundance of reminiscent animal systems, the evolution of dance in the human clade remains obscure.

«Dance requires individuals to interactively synchronize their whole-body tempo to their partner’s, with near-perfect precision, this explains why no dance forms were present amongst nonhuman primates. 8. ____________ , this is evidence for conjoined full-body rhythmic entrainment in great apes that could help reconstruct possible proto-stages of human dance is still 9. ___________.»

The researchers 10. _________ an endogenously-effected case of ritualized dance-like behaviour between two captive chimpanzees — synchronized bipedalism. By studying videos they revealed that synchronisation between individuals was non-random, predictable, phase concordant, maintained with instantaneous centi-second precision and jointly regulated, with individuals also taking turns as «pace-makers.»

Respuestas correctas: 1. hitherto; 2. have sparked; 3. researchers; 4. rhythmic; 5. although; 6. icon; 7. dazzling; 8. critically; 9. lacking; 10. report

10º Reading Aptis part 3

Cats Perk Up at the Sound of Their Own Names

Para elegir: lag; more likely; just; households; perk up; as; twitch; companions; only; uttered; phsicologyst; dogs; then

Many regard felines as indifferent to their human 1. __________ , but cat owners may beg to differ—and now they research to back them up. A study published yesterday (April 4) in Scientific Reports suggests that domestic cats can distinguish the sounds of their 2. ________ , even if they don’t come when called.

“I think many cat owners feel that cats know their names, or the word ‘food,’ but until now, there was no scientific evidence to back that up,” Atsuko Saito, a 3. __________ at Sophia University in Tokyo and one of the study’s authors, tells Science News.

The project examined the responses of cats from Japanese homes when they heard a series of words spoken by their owners or a researcher. The humans 4. __________ four nouns that were similar in cadence and length to the cat’s name and then the actual name. Most cats reacted to the first word, but their responses tapered off afterwards. Then at the sound of their own 5. ___________ , even from an unfamiliar voice, cats tended to 6. _________ —moving their heads or ears, flopping their tails, or meowing.

Part 2

The responses could be pretty subtle, sometimes just a 7. _________ of the ear. “Cats are just as good as dogs at learning—they’re just not as keen to show their owners what they’ve learnt,” biologist John Bradshaw tells Nature.

The researchers tested how animals living with at least four other cats reacted in a similar test. They replaced the first four words with names of cohabitating cats and then followed it with the cat’s own name. 8. _________ a quarter of the cats’ responses petered out as they heard the roll call, suggesting that felines from multi-cat 9. ____________ attach significance to all of the names, perhaps hoping it means a treat will follow. The cats whose attentions did 10. ________ when they heard other cats’ names, however, reacted strongly again when they heard their own, hinting that at least some felines can pick out their own names, Nature reports.

In the cat café environment, animals similarly responded to their own names more than to general nouns, but cats also responded to the names of other animals, Saito’s group found. As cats in the café often hear their own names together with those of other cats, they may be more likely to associate the whole batch of names with a reward or punishment, according to the authors.

Even still, “I think the sum total of results across the studies provides compelling evidence that the cats’ names are of special significance to them,” Jennifer Vonk, a cognitive psychologist at Oakland University, tells Nature.

Respuestas correctas: 1. companions; 2. names; 3. phsicologyst; 4. uttered; 5. moniker; 6. perk up; 7. twitch; 8. only; 9. households; 10. lag;

Fuente: The Scientist

Enough is enough.

En resumen, ya estaría… de momento, queridos lectores. Si queréis conocer las últimas novedades sobre el examen Aptis, las ofertas o regalos que hacemos cada cierto tiempo y nuevos tutoriales que sacamos cada mes, síguenos en las RRSS (Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Youtube).

See you soon!

Consulta los cursos Aptis General con material ceñido al examen 910 32 82 62.

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